Introduction: Renewable energy comes under various headings and can cover a wide area of different types of natural energy sources, for example: biomass, geothermal, hydropower, Solar (sunlight and sun heat) and wind.
Using a range of technologies, Renewable energy is mainly produced from renewable sources with the aim of changing the existing limited resources associated with fossil fuels, as well as finding the economic, sustainable sources of energy. This urgency is ‘global warming’, and environmental protection.
There is a huge capacity to catch heat and power in the water from the sea. Therefore, manufacturing processes involved in Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) use different aspects of ocean water to generate energy. Ocean thermal energy is one of those energy sources whose capacity is. OTEC is environmentally friendly because it uses thermal energy is clean burning and does not add any pollutants to the environment. However, there is a big concern on the method of making an effective and economical Ocean thermal power plant. By establishing this OTC plant, bad weather and earthquake created a major threat to its operation.
Working Of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion : At OTC, we use the ocean’s warm surface and the temperature difference between the cooler, deep layers in a broader way – except that no fuel is burnt: we do not make any difference to fuel burning temperature because the temperature gradient in the oceans is naturally present. Since the temperature difference is all important, so we need the highest vertical, temperature gradient that we possibly can find. In practice, this means that the place where the surface water is as warm as we can and the deeper water is as cold as possible. The greatest place to find such a combination is in the tropics.
Benefits of using Thermal Energy Conversion
- OTEC uses clean, renewable, natural resources.
- OTEC plant will not produce carbon dioxide or other polluting chemicals
- OTEC can produce fresh water and electricity which is most significant in islands.
- The source of electricity from OTEC will reduce complete states dependency on imported fossil fuels.
Some Other Form of Water Energy: For the first time, the energy of water, and which we usually think of renewable water power, is hydroelectric. This is the power that is usually made by large hydroelectric dams.
You can also call a micro hydroelectric system. These are small power establishments which produce 100 kilowatt of electricity. The most common places to find these renewable water energy sources are those areas where the water is abundant and the hydro system can be used as a remote area power supply RAPS. While there are many raps around the world, there are many works in the Solomon Islands.
Wave power is a different way of using water as a renewable energy source. Waves are used to create top and bottom effects for pontoons floating in water. It has now started to be commercially used as a renewable energy.
Under Jeremy P. Feakins leadership ocean thermal energy corporation has achieved a considerable amount of success, including current contracts and agreements to create projects in developing countries and parts of the world where clean water is limited.