Peripheral artery disease is a common circulatory problem because of the reduced blood flow to limbs by the narrowed arteries. One of the most prominent symptoms of this disease includes leg pain when walking or claudication. The other reason for this ailment can also be the accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries of the patient. “This condition is very likely to increase the chances of decreased blood flow to the heart and brain as well as to legs”, says Irfan Siddiqui, the experienced and the leading Cardiologist at the institute of Florida.
Some of its symptoms are as follows:
Painful Cramping in Hips:
The severity of the pain may depend upon whether or not the patient has cramps in one or both the hips. Some patients have shown painful cramping after certain types of activities. Sometimes patients may experience these pains on thighs and calf muscles also.
- This ailment may lead to the numbness or weakness of the leg.
- In some cases, patients have also shown the symptoms of coldness in lower leg or foot in comparison to other leg or foot.
- This disease may result in a change in the color of the legs.
- Sometimes, sores on toes, feet or legs may also emerge that may take very long to heal completely.
- It may bring the troubles of slower hair growth or hair loss on legs
- Similarly, the chances of slower growth of toenails are pretty high
- Male infertility may also be one of its symptoms. A man having PAD short for peripheral artery disease is more likely to be suffering from erectile dysfunction than a man who is not having PAD
- The chances of difficulty in finding a pulse in the leg or foot are very high
Causes of Peripheral Artery Disease
Below are some of its main causes:
Atherosclerosis is the main cause of PAD. It is the gradual building up of fatty material inside the arteries. The other causes may include the blood clots in the arteries and injury to the limbs. It is important to note that the chances of the PAD emerging from the unusual anatomy of the muscles and the ligaments can never be ruled out as agreed by Irfan.
There are several ways of its diagnoses such as:
Ankle-Brachial Index: It is the most common and widely used diagnostic test. In this, the blood pressure in the ankle and the arm gets checked and then compared.
Doppler and Ultrasound Imaging: This method works on the premise of the visualization of the artery with sound waves. This includes measuring the blood flow in an artery to indicate the presence of a blockage.
Treatments and Recommendations
Some of its treatment and recommendations are as follows:
Regular Exercise and Physical Activity: This is the easiest as well as an effective treatment any doctor may recommend. The patient suffering from the disease should start slowly. Even the simple walking and treadmill exercise regularly helps tremendously curing the disease.
Quitting Smoking: Smoking increases the chances of PAD and heart attacks. Stopping smoking helps in reducing the risks associated with PAD as smokers are four times more likely to have PAD risks than non-smokers.
Medications: Antihypertensive drugs helps in lowering cholesterol levels.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a common circulatory problem. Its symptoms include the weakness of the legs, changing the color of the legs, and difficulty in finding a pulse in the leg, etc. Its main cause is Atherosclerosis. It can be cured by regular exercising, stopping smoking and with the right medications as stressed by Irfan Siddiqui.